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CBSE Maths Syllabus for Class 9 2020-21
COURSE STRUCTURE CLASS –IX
|VI||STATISTICS & PROBABILITY||10|
UNIT I: NUMBER SYSTEMS
1. REAL NUMBERS (16 Periods)
- Review of representation of natural numbers, integers, rational numbers on the number line.
Representation of terminating / non-terminating recurring decimals onthe number line
through successive magnification. Rational numbers as recurring/ terminating decimals.
Operations on real numbers.
- Examples of non-recurring/non-terminating decimals. Existence of non-rational numbers
(irrational numbers) such as , and their representation on the number line. Explaining
that every real number is represented by a unique point on the number line and conversely,
viz. every point on the number line represents a unique real number.
- Definition of nth root of a real number.
- Rationalization (with precise meaning) of real numbers of the type
and (and their combinations) where x and y are natural number and a and b are
- Recall of laws of exponents with integral powers. Rational exponents with positive real bases
(to be done by particular cases, allowing learner to arrive at the general laws.)
UNIT II: ALGEBRA
1. POLYNOMIALS (23) Periods
Definition of a polynomial in one variable, with examples and counter examples. Coefficients
of a polynomial, terms of a polynomial and zero polynomial. Degree of a polynomial. Constant,
linear, quadratic and cubic polynomials. Monomials, binomials, trinomials. Factors and
multiples. Zeros of a polynomial. Motivate and State the Remainder Theorem with examples.
Statement and proof of the Factor Theorem. Factorization of ax2 + bx + c, a ≠ 0 where a, b and
c are real numbers, and of cubic polynomials using the Factor Theorem.
Recall of algebraic expressions and identities. Verification of identities: and their use in factorization of polynomials.
2. LINEAR EQUATIONS IN TWO VARIABLES (14) Periods
Recall of linear equations in one variable. Introduction to the equation in two variables.
Focus on linear equations of the type ax+by+c=0. Explain that a linear equation in two
variables has infinitely many solutions and justify their being written as ordered pairs of real
numbers, plotting them and showing that they lie on a line. Graph of linear equations in two
variables. Examples, problems from real life, including problems on Ratio and Proportion
and with algebraic and graphical solutions being done simultaneously.
UNIT III: COORDINATE GEOMETRY
COORDINATE GEOMETRY (6) Periods
The Cartesian plane, coordinates of a point, names and terms associated with the
coordinate plane, notations, plotting points in the plane.
UNIT IV: GEOMETRY
1. INTRODUCTION TO EUCLID’S GEOMETRY (Not for assessment) (6) Periods
History – Geometry in India and Euclid’s geometry. Euclid’s method of formalizing observed
phenomenon into rigorous Mathematics with definitions, common/obvious notions,
axioms/postulates and theorems. The five postulates of Euclid. Equivalent versions of the fifth
postulate. Showing the relationship between axiom and theorem, for example:
(Axiom) 1. Given two distinct points, there exists one and only one line through them.
(Theorem) 2. (Prove) Two distinct lines cannot have more than one point in common.
2. LINES AND ANGLES (13) Periods
- (Motivate) If a ray stands on a line, then the sum of the two adjacent angles so formed is 180O
and the converse.
- (Prove) If two lines intersect, vertically opposite angles are equal.
- (Motivate) Results on corresponding angles, alternate angles, interior angles when a
transversal intersects two parallel lines.
- (Motivate) Lines which are parallel to a given line are parallel.
- (Prove) The sum of the angles of a triangle is 180O.
- (Motivate) If a side of a triangle is produced, the exterior angle so formed is equal to the sum
of the two interior opposite angles.
3. TRIANGLES (20) Periods
- (Motivate) Two triangles are congruent if any two sides and the included angle of one triangle
is equal to any two sides and the included angle of the other triangle (SAS Congruence).
- (Prove) Two triangles are congruent if any two angles and the included side of one triangle is
equal to any two angles and the included side of the other triangle (ASA Congruence).
- (Motivate) Two triangles are congruent if the three sides of one triangle are equal to three
sides of the other triangle (SSS Congruence).
- (Motivate) Two right triangles are congruent if the hypotenuse and a side of one triangle are
equal (respectively) to the hypotenuse and a side of the other triangle. (RHS Congruence)
- (Prove) The angles opposite to equal sides of a triangle are equal.
- (Motivate) The sides opposite to equal angles of a triangle are equal.
- (Motivate) Triangle inequalities and relation between ‘angle and facing side’ inequalities in
4. QUADRILATERALS (10) Periods
- (Prove) The diagonal divides a parallelogram into two congruent triangles.
- (Motivate) In a parallelogram opposite sides are equal, and conversely.
- (Motivate) In a parallelogram opposite angles are equal, and conversely.
- (Motivate) A quadrilateral is a parallelogram if a pair of its opposite sides is parallel and equal.
- (Motivate) In a parallelogram, the diagonals bisect each other and conversely.
- (Motivate) In a triangle, the line segment joining the mid points of any two sides is parallel to
the third side and in half of it and (motivate) its converse.
5. AREA (7) Periods
Review concept of area, recall area of a rectangle.
- (Prove) Parallelograms on the same base and between the same parallels have equal area.
- (Motivate) Triangles on the same base (or equal bases) and between the same parallels are
equal in area.
6. CIRCLES (15) Periods
Through examples, arrive at definition of circle and related concepts-radius, circumference,
diameter, chord, arc, secant, sector, segment, subtended angle.
- (Prove) Equal chords of a circle subtend equal angles at the center and (motivate) its
- (Motivate) The perpendicular from the center of a circle to a chord bisects the chord and
conversely, the line drawn through the center of a circle to bisect a chord is perpendicular to
- (Motivate) There is one and only one circle passing through three given non-collinear points.
- (Motivate) Equal chords of a circle (or of congruent circles) are equidistant from the center (or
their respective centers) and conversely.
- (Prove) The angle subtended by an arc at the center is double the angle subtended by it at any
point on the remaining part of the circle.
- (Motivate) Angles in the same segment of a circle are equal.
- (Motivate) If a line segment joining two points subtends equal angle at two other points lying
on the same side of the line containing the segment, the four points lie on a circle.
- (Motivate) The sum of either of the pair of the opposite angles of a cyclic quadrilateral is 180°
and its converse.
7. CONSTRUCTIONS (10) Periods
- Construction of bisectors of line segments and angles of measure 60o, 90o, 45o etc., equilateral
- Construction of a triangle given its base, sum/difference of the other two sides and one base
- Construction of a triangle of given perimeter and base angles.
UNIT V: MENSURATION
1. AREAS (4) Periods
Area of a triangle using Heron’s formula (without proof) and its application in finding the area
of a quadrilateral.
2. SURFACE AREAS AND VOLUMES (12) Periods
Surface areas and volumes of cubes, cuboids, spheres (including hemispheres) and right
UNIT VI: STATISTICS & PROBABILITY
1. STATISTICS (13) Periods
Introduction to Statistics: Collection of data, presentation of data — tabular form, ungrouped /
grouped, bar graphs, histograms (with varying base lengths), frequency polygons. Mean,
median and mode of ungrouped data.
2. PROBABILITY (9) Periods
History, Repeated experiments and observed frequency approach to probability.
Focus is on empirical probability. (A large amount of time to be devoted to groupand to
individual activities to motivate the concept; the experiments to be drawn from real – life
situations, and from examples used in the chapter on statistics).
MATHEMATICS QUESTION PAPER DESIGN CLASS – IX (2020-21)
Time: 3 Hrs. Max. Marks: 80
|S. No.||Typology of Questions||Total Marks||% Weightage (approx.)|
|1||Remembering: Exhibit memory of previously learned material by recalling facts, terms, basic concepts, and answers. Understanding: Demonstrate understanding of facts and ideas by organizing, comparing, translating, interpreting, giving descriptions, and stating main ideas||43||54|
|2||Applying: Solve problems to new situations by applying acquired knowledge, facts, techniques and rules in a different way.||19||24|
|3||Analysing: Examine and break information into parts by identifying motives or causes. Make inferences and find evidence to support generalizations
Evaluating: Present and defend opinions by making judgments about information, validity of ideas, or quality of work based on a set of criteria.
Creating: Compile information together in a different way by combining elements in a new pattern or proposing alternative solutions
|INTERNAL ASSESSMENT||20 MARKS|
|Pen Paper Test and Multiple Assessment (5+5)||10 Marks|
|Lab Practical (Lab activities to be done from the prescribed books)||05 Marks|
- Mathematics – Textbook for Class IX – NCERT Publication
- Guidelines for Mathematics Laboratory in Schools, class IX – CBSE Publication
- Laboratory Manual – Mathematics, secondary stage – NCERT Publication
- Mathematics exemplar problems for class IX, NCERT publication.
CBSE Mathematics Syllabus for Class 9 2020-21 PDF
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